Researchers wanted to find out if offering a matched Child Savings Account (CSA) improved school attendance, school grades, and self-esteem among AIDS-orphaned adolescents in Uganda. They found that CSA led to better educational outcomes, lower levels of hopelessness, and higher levels of self-concept after 24 months. (T. Neilands, CAPS faculty)
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In California, researchers interviewed patients in HIV primary care clinics to understand what promotes or hinders shared-decision making (SDM), a best practice in health care. They found that high levels of knowledge or trust did not always mean that patients value SDM or lead to SDM respectively. (Kimberly Koester & Wayne Steward, CAPS)
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About 5-10% of new HIV infections have been linked to unsafe blood transfusions in sub-Saharan Africa. However, current estimates suggest that only 0-1.1% of new infections per year may be linked to transfusions. This is based on peer-reviewed and gray literature on estimates of blood transfusion-related HIV infections. (W. McFarland, CAPS affiliate)
Researchers recruited Indian men and transgender women (hijras) who have sex with men into an online study looking at sexual behaviors. Among various online and offline strategies, social media like Facebook and collaborating with community event organizers were found to be the most effective strategies. (Maria Ekstrand, CAPS faculty)
A multi-component intervention addressing health care worker behavior was tested among patients infected with HIV in Uganda. Results show that 80% of the patients who received the intervention had started ART by 2 weeks after being eligible compared to 38% of those who did not receive it. (E. Charlebois, C. Camlin, & D. Havlir, CAPS researchers)
Men who have sex with men (MSM) completed a survey that measured psychological factors and substance use. Frequent sexual thoughts and urges were found to be independently linked (not affected by other factors) to feelings of dissociation or disconnection from reality in response to stressful life events. (B. Woods & A. Carrico, CAPS researchers)
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Maria Ekstrand, PhD