Applying a Family-Level Economic Strengthening Intervention to Improve Education and Health-Related Outcomes of School-Going AIDS-Orphaned Children: Lessons from a Randomized Experiment in Southern Uganda.

Offering a Child Savings Account to AIDS-orphaned adolescents in Uganda improved education outcomes

Researchers wanted to find out if offering a matched Child Savings Account (CSA) improved school attendance, school grades, and self-esteem among AIDS-orphaned adolescents in Uganda. They found that CSA led to better educational outcomes, lower levels of hopelessness, and higher levels of self-concept after 24 months. (T. Neilands, CAPS faculty)

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Patients' Perceptions and Experiences of Shared Decision-Making in Primary HIV Care Clinics

High knowledge or trust w/ clinicians did not always mean HIV patients value shared decision making (SDM)

In California, researchers interviewed patients in HIV primary care clinics to understand what promotes or hinders shared-decision making (SDM), a best practice in health care. They found that high levels of knowledge or trust did not always mean that patients value SDM or lead to SDM respectively. (Kimberly Koester & Wayne Steward, CAPS)

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The contribution of unsafe blood transfusion to human immunodeficiency virus incidence in sub-Saharan Africa: reexamination of the 5% to 10% convention.

Recent estimates of new HIV infections due to unsafe blood transfusions closer to 0-1.1%, not 5-10%

About 5-10% of new HIV infections have been linked to unsafe blood transfusions in sub-Saharan Africa. However, current estimates suggest that only 0-1.1% of new infections per year may be linked to transfusions. This is based on peer-reviewed and gray literature on estimates of blood transfusion-related HIV infections. (W. McFarland, CAPS affiliate)

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Recruitment Strategies of Indian Men Who Have Sex with Men in the State of Maharashtra Into an Online Survey.

Effective strategy for recruiting Indian men and trans women who have sex with men include social media

Researchers recruited Indian men and transgender women (hijras) who have sex with men into an online study looking at sexual behaviors. Among various online and offline strategies, social media like Facebook and collaborating with community event organizers were found to be the most effective strategies. (Maria Ekstrand, CAPS faculty)

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Effects of a multicomponent intervention to streamline initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Africa: a stepped-wedge cluster-randomised trial

Intervention got more patients starting ART by 2 weeks compared to non-intervention patients

A multi-component intervention addressing health care worker behavior was tested among patients infected with HIV in Uganda. Results show that 80% of the patients who received the intervention had started ART by 2 weeks after being eligible compared to 38% of those who did not receive it. (E. Charlebois, C. Camlin, & D. Havlir, CAPS researchers)

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The Psychological Context of Sexual Compulsivity Among Men Who Have Sex with Men

Sexual thoughts and urges linked to feelings of dissociation (disconnection from reality) among MSM

Men who have sex with men (MSM) completed a survey that measured psychological factors and substance use. Frequent sexual thoughts and urges were found to be independently linked (not affected by other factors) to feelings of dissociation or disconnection from reality in response to stressful life events. (B. Woods & A. Carrico, CAPS researchers)

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