Successful HIV prevention programming requires engaging communities

In an informative new publication by CAPS researchers Sarah Trevis-Kagan and Sheri Lippman, the authors describe a four stage methodology used to implement HIV prevention programming in rural North West Province, South Africa. The authors cite that actively engaging communities in the planning process and responding to the local social environmental factors that shape health and behavior is required to initiate successful interventions.

Read the abstract here

Gender Affirmation and Sexual Risk among Transgender Men

In a new publication co-authored by CAPS scientist Jae Sevelius, PhD, 452 self-identified transgender and gender nonconforming adults were interviewed revealing that TMSM who had not socially transitioned had a higher prevalence of condomless sex with a cisgender male partner than to those who had socially transitioned. This finding suggests that sexual health research and programming seeking to reach at-risk TMSM remain inclusive and promote diversity, and not limit trans masculine samples to individuals who have affirmed their gender in any particular way.

Read the study abstract here

A Leap Forward for PrEP

Featured in the San Francisco Chronicle, new data from researchers at Kaiser Permanente found no new HIV infections among 650 people taking PrEP. Dr.Jonathan Volk, lead author of the study and former fellow at the Center for AIDS Prevention Studies said “This is really compelling data that shows that PrEP works in a real-world setting,”

Read more about the Kaiser study as well as the associated commentary manuscript "Keeping Our Eyes on the Prize: No new HIV Infections with Increased Use of HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis" by CAPS researcher Kimberly Koester.

Internet Use for Health Care Engagement Purposes and HIV Clinical Outcomes

In this study CAPS scientists examined 1,500 participants' cell phone and internet use to assess health care engagement and clinical outcomes among HIV positive people. Findings showed that most access the internet for health care purposes on an almost daily basis, demonstrating that users of online social media and the internet was associated with better self-reported virologic and adherence outcomes.

Read more here.

Alcohol Use among Young Men in Rural South Africa

Alcohol has long been acknowledged as a risk factor for trauma and disease. CAPS scientists explored how informal social controls and the density of alcohol outlets may act as a protective factor for men at risk for alcohol dependence or abuse in rural South Africa. The findings support the development of community level interventions that engage a man's social circle while noting that increased alcohol outlet density contributes to heavy and/or problematic drinking.

Read the article here.

Attitudes Towards PrEP and Condom Use Among Gay Couples

In a recently published article, CAPS scientists along with researchers at San Francisco State University found that almost half of HIV-negative couples in the San Francisco bay area and New York City felt PrEP was a good HIV prevention strategy for themselves and their partner. Over half reported that they would not change their current condom use if they or their partner were taking PrEP. However, approximately 30% of HIV-negative couples reported that they would stop using condoms or use them less with primary and outside partners if they were on PrEP or if their partner was on PrEP.

Read the article here.

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