who did we talk to?
- We conducted 2-hour in depth interviews to explore culturally specific issues underlying sexual risk taking among young Asian & Pacific Islander (API) men who have sex with men (MSM), between the ages 15-25.
- We interviewed 20 Asian men in Seattle (King County).
- The average age was 22.
- We spoke to 6 Filipino, 5 Chinese, 3 Vietnamese, 1 Korean, and 4 bi-or multi-cultural men.
- The average grade completed was college sophomore.
- 55% were born outside the U.S.; among these men, the average time living in the US was 13 years.
who are young API MSM in Seattle?
- Participants in our interviews identified over 20 segments of young API MSM in Seattle.
- Participants described young API MSM in terms of their degree of acculturation, ethnicity, age, friends, social/political activities and associations, personality, relationships, and gender behavior.
where did they hang out?
- The most popular bars and clubs were Neighbours, R Place, and Safari.
- Other popular venues were the Rosebud Café, B&O Espresso, Broadway Market, Broadway Bar and Grill, Westlake Center, Broadway Street, the University of Washington, Seattle Central Community College, World Gym, Beyond the Closet, and Volunteer Park
- 15-17 year olds were most visible along Broadway on Capitol Hill.
how did they meet sex partners?
- Participants reported that young API MSM find sex through the Internet, personal ads, at bars (Neighbours being the most often mentioned), and at Volunteer Park.
what put them at risk?
- The most common reasons cited for risk were not using condoms and having multiple sex partners.
- Participants reported knowing “very few” who inject drugs or who have unprotected anal sex.
- However, 70% of participants reported having had unprotected anal sex. The majority of the most recent encounters of unprotected anal sex were with an older white male.
what situations made reducing the risk for HIV difficult?
- The most common situation was being drunk or high, followed by being in a monogamous relationship and trusting the partner, being attracted to and sexually aroused by a potential partner, and going to cruisy areas and venues to find sex partners.
how did they reduce their risk for HIV?
- The most common ways to reduce risk were using condoms, talking with friends, talking with the partners about safe sex, being in a monogamous relationship, being educated and informed about risk, getting tested, abstinence, getting to know a partner by dating a lot before having sex, and limiting the number of sex partners.
how can we intervene?
- Most would prefer having prevention programs located in Capitol Hill.
- Prevention programs should target APIs specifically, and be fun and social.
- The most useful sources of HIV-related information were health care/medical practitioner, friends, and the gay media.
- The general media should be used to reach young API MSM who are more private about their sexuality.
Last modified: January 19, 2011