Carol Camlin, PhD, MPH

Carol Camlin PhDResearch interests

My research crosses the disciplines of social demography, epidemiology and health behavior, and is focused on gender, migration and HIV prevention. The main emphasis of my work has been to examine the overlooked role that women’s participation in migration may play in sustaining the enormous HIV epidemic in southern and eastern Africa.

Prior to my doctoral studies in public health and population studies at the University of Michigan, I worked for several years in applied research and practice in sexual and reproductive health and HIV prevention in several countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including two years spent working as a demographer at a research site in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. My current research uses mixed (quantitative and ethnographic) methods to investigate the pathways through which mobility facilitate women’s risks of acquiring and transmitting HIV infection. My current program of research in Kisumu, Kenya aims to (1) describe women’s patterns of mobility, and the spatial and social features of the common destinations of female migrants; (2) identify the social, environmental and structural aspects of women’s migration that facilitate women’s HIV risks; and (3) describe HIV-related beliefs, attitudes and sexual risk behaviors among female migrants.  The ultimate aim of this research is to develop a multi-level, combination HIV prevention intervention with female migrants in western Kenya.

My areas of interest for future projects include research on the effects of women’s migration on gender and sexuality, and patterns of HIV infection, uptake and adherence to HIV treatment and prevention interventions, in sub-Saharan Africa and globally; and developing new models for incorporating cross-disciplinary social science data into the development of new HIV prevention and reproductive health interventions with under-researched populations in Africa.

Current research


  • Ph.D., Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 2008. Secondary concentration: Sociology
  • M.P.H., Health Behavior and Health Education, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1995. Secondary concentration: Epidemiology
  • A.B., English and German, Oberlin College, 1987.

Selected Publications

  • Camlin C.S., Snow R.C. and Hosegood V. (2013). Gendered patterns of migration in South Africa. Population, Space and Place.  [In Press]
  • Camlin, C.S., Kwena, Z.K. and Dworkin, S. (2013)  Jaboya vs. Jakambi: Status, negotiation and HIV risk in the “sex-for-fish” economy in Nyanza Province, Kenya. AIDS Education & Prevention, Volume 25 Number 3, May-June.
  • Kwena, Z.K., Camlin, C.S., Shisanya, C.A., Mwanzo, I. and Bukusi E.A. (2013). Short-term mobility and the risk of HIV infection among married couples in the fishing communities along Lake Victoria, Kenya. PLoS ONE. 8(1):e54523. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054523. Epub 2013 Jan 15.
  • Camlin, C.S., Kwena, Z.K., Dworkin, S., Cohen C. and Bukusi E. (2013) “She mixes her business”: HIV transmission and acquisition risks among migrant and highly mobile women in western Kenya. [Under review.]
  • Camlin, C.S. and Kyle, D. (Forthcoming in 2013). Chapter 20: Working Internationally. In: X. Castañeda, A. Rodriguez-Lainz and M.B. Schenker (Eds.) Migration and Health Research Methodologies: A Handbook for the Study of Migrant Populations. Berkeley, California: University of California Press.
  • Camlin, C.S., Kwena, Z.K., Dworkin, S., Cohen C. and Bukusi E. (2011). Typologies of migration and mobility and associated contexts of HIV risk among women in western Kenya. IUSSP Working Paper. Paris: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP).
  • Turan J., Ojengbede, O., Fathalla, M., Morhason-Bello, I.O., Mourad-Youssif M., Butrick E., Martin H., Camlin C.S. and Miller S. (2011). Positive effects of the non-pneumatic anti-shock garment on delays in accessing care for postpartum and postabortion hemorrhage in Egypt and Nigeria. Journal of Women’s Health. 1:91-8. Epub 2010 Dec 29.
  • Camlin C.S., Hosegood V., Newell ML., McGrath N., Bärnighausen T. and R.C. Snow. (2010). Gender, Migration and HIV in Rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. PLoS ONE. 5(7): e11539. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011539.
  • Miller S, Fathalla MM, Ojengbede OA, Camlin C, Mourad-Youssif M, Morhason-Bello IO, Galadanci H, Nsima D, Butrick E, Al Hussaini T, Turan J, Meyer C, Martin H, Mohammed AI. (2010). Obstetric hemorrhage and shock management: using the low technology Non-pneumatic Anti-Shock Garment in Nigerian and Egyptian tertiary care facilities. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 10:64.
  • Camlin C.S. and Snow, R.C. (2008). Parental investment and youth sexual risk behavior in Cape Town. Health Education and Behavior. Aug. 35(4): 522-540.
  • Lara D., García S., Ellertson C., Camlin C.S. and Suaréz J. (2006). The measure of induced abortion levels with Random Response Technique. Sociological Methods and Research. Nov. 35(2): 279-301.
  • Camlin C.S., Garenne M. and Moultrie T.A. (2004). Fertility trend and pattern in a rural area of South Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS. African Journal of Reproductive Health. Aug. (8) 2:39-54.
  • Camlin C.S. and Chimbwete C.E. (2003). Does knowing someone with AIDS affect condom use? An analysis from South Africa. AIDS Education and Prevention. June. 15(3): 232-245.
  • Bailey S., Camlin C.S., and Ennett S. (1998) Substance use and risky sexual behavior among homeless and runaway youth. Journal of Adolescent Health. Dec. 23(6):378-388.

Last modified: December 4, 2014